Yanis Varoufakis EU Council Eurozone/Flickr

Les talents de joueur du ministre Varoufakis

MUNICH – Les spécialistes de la théorie des jeux savent pertinemment qu’un plan A n’est jamais suffisant. Il est toujours nécessaire d’élaborer et de pouvoir proposer un plan B crédible – qui, par sa menace, permet de faire avancer les négociations entourant le plan A. Il semble que le ministre grec des Finances, Yanis Varoufakis, soit expert en la matière. En effet, consacré « poids lourd » du gouvernement grec, Varoufakis travaille actuellement à la confection d’un plan B (une éventuelle sortie de la zone euro), tandis que le Premier ministre Alexis Tsipras se tient disponible dans le cadre du plan A (extension de l’accord de prêt intéressant la Grèce, et renégociation des modalités de renflouement du pays). Ainsi se retrouvent-ils en quelque sorte à jouer les rôles du « gentil flic et du méchant flic » – jusqu'à présent avec une grande réussite.

Le plan B se compose de deux éléments clés. Il revêt tout abord une composante de provocation pure et simple, destinée à échauffer l’esprit des citoyens grecs, afin d’attiser les tensions entre le pays et ses créanciers. On tente de persuader les citoyens grecs qu’en maintenant leur confiance dans le gouvernement, ils pourraient échapper à de grave injustices au cours de la période difficile qui suivrait une sortie de la zone euro.

Deuxièmement, le gouvernement grec provoque parallèlement une hausse des coûts qu’engendrerait le plan B, en laissant s’opérer une fuite de capitaux de la part des citoyens. Dans un tel scénario, le gouvernement pourrait s’efforcer de contenir cette tendance au moyen d’une approche plus conciliante, ou de l’endiguer immédiatement grâce à l’introduction de contrôles sur les capitaux. Néanmoins, une telle démarche viendrait affaiblir sa position de négociation, ce qui est pour lui hors de question.

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