Vaccine syringe

Vakcíny versus superbakterie

LONDÝN – Rozšíření viru zika – stejně jako předtím viru eboly – odhalilo, jaké riziko mohou infekční choroby představovat pro zdraví celých států – a jak důležité jsou vakcíny v boji proti rychle se šířícím epidemiím. Snaha o nalezení cest, jak očkovat lidi proti oběma virům, je už v plném proudu.

Vakcíny však hrají klíčovou roli také v tom, že nás chrání před mnohem smrtelnější a mnohem předvídatelnější hrozbou: rezistentními infekcemi.

Na rozdíl od nečekaných a rychle se šířících výskytů, jako je epidemie ziky, se antimikrobiální rezistence podobá autonehodě ve zpomaleném záběru, která už začala. Rezistentní patogeny si každoročně vyžádají životy asi 700 000 lidí. Nepřijmeme-li nezbytná opatření, budou do roku 2050 zabíjet zhruba deset milionů lidí ročně.

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