欧洲大学的身份危机

马德里—如今,欧洲高等教育陷入了极为不确定的状态。大学的首要重点是什么?研究、职业训练还是社会包容?政府应该更多地投资于高等教育从而为长期经济增长打好基础吗?大学应该自力更生在全球教育市场中竞争和生存(或死亡)吗?

在关于其未来角色的争论中,欧洲大学决不能对个体身份、传统以及社会目的使命视而不见。者并不容易。大学管理者面临着来自上层——欧洲机构和国家政府——和自身研究人员和师生的压力。

此外,争论的角度正变得日益模糊。一方面,大学遵守着长期存在的与政府的协议;另一方面,它们又面临着寻求市场解决方案的急切的改革者。市场方案将增加机构之间的竞争、鼓励教员和学生流动,并且强调以学生为中心的学习。

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