Il benessere americano dal 1979

BERKELEY – La storia è questa: dal 1979 – il picco dell’ultimo ciclo economico prima dell’insediamento di Ronald Reagan alla presidenza – la crescita economica negli Stati Uniti è stata un fenomeno prevalentemente solo per ricchi. I salari reali (depurati dell’inflazione), i redditi e gli standard di vita delle famiglie americane dei poveri e delle classi medie sono alla meglio solo banalmente più alti. Mentre il Pil reale annuo pro capite è cresciuto del 72%, passando da 29.000 a 50.000 dollari (in base ai prezzi del 2009), quasi tutta la crescita è andata a coloro che ora occupano il livello più alto nella distribuzione americana dei redditi.

Tutto ciò è vero, ma con alcune riserve importanti. La prima è riscontrabile nella Distribuzione dei redditi familiari e delle tasse federali, pubblicata l’anno scorso dal Congressional Budget Office (CBO). Il reddito reale al netto delle tasse per il quintile più basso delle famiglie americane era 49% più alto nel 2010 che nel 1979, crescendo a un tasso medio del 1,3% annuo. Il reddito al netto delle imposte per i tre quintili medi nel 2010 era 40% più alto – pari a una crescita media annua dell’1,1%.

Le famiglie tra l’81° e il 99° percentile hanno guadagnato il 64% di reddito al netto delle imposte, con il top 1% che ha raggiunto il 201%, rappresentando un tasso di crescita media annua del 3,6% – ben oltre qualsiasi altro gruppo di reddito. E, allo stato attuale, con la ripresa concentrata anche tra i ricchi, l’1% più ricco degli americani avrà accumulato con tutta probabilità un guadagno del 300% dal 1979.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.