1979 年以来的美国人福利

伯克利—故事是这样的:1979年以来——也就是罗纳德·里根宣誓就任总统之前的最后一个商业周期以来——美国经济增长一直是富人独享的现象。美国穷人和中产阶级家庭的真实(经通胀调整的)工资、收入和生活水平的增加微乎其微。尽管年真实人均GDP增长了72%,从29,999美元增加到50,000美元(用2009年物价衡量),这一增幅几乎全部都流向了美国收入分配顶层人群。

这些都是真事,但需要做一些重要的警告。其中之一见美国国会预算办公室(CBO)去年发布的《家庭收入和联邦税负分布》(Distribution of Household Income and Federal Taxes)。2010年,美国收入最低的五分之一家庭的真实税后收入比1979年高了49%,平均每年增长1.3%。中间五分之三家庭税后收入增加了40%——相当于平均每年增长1.1%。

81—99百分位的家庭税后收入提高了64%,而最顶尖1%家庭提高了201%,即平均年增长率为3.6%,比其他所有收入群体都要快。而如今的经济复苏也主要集中在富人身上,最顶尖1%美国人自1979年以来的累计收入增长可能快要达到300%了。

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