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chinese military vehicle Li Chun/China News Service/VCG

美国中国幻想的结束

华盛顿—姗姗来迟的美国对华政策转变正在进行中。在经历了几十年的“建设性交往”后——这一方针协助了中国的崛起,即使其违反国际规则和规范——现在美国开始寻求积极而稳步的遏制措施。但现在想要遏制一个在美国的版主下崛起成为美国主要地缘政治对手的国家是否为时已晚?

从尼克松到奥巴马,历任美国总统都将协助中国经济崛起作为国家利益;事实上,卡特曾经发布过一份如此宣称的总统备忘录。即使中国践踏世界贸易规则,强迫公司共享知识产权,到处耀武扬威,美国仍然天真地希望,随着中国越来越繁荣,它自然会寻求经济乃至政治自由化。

美国的“中国幻想”——詹姆斯·曼(James Mann)语——彰显于克林顿支持中国加入世界贸易组织的观点中。克林顿引用了威尔逊的“自由市场、自由选举、自由民族”愿景,宣称中国加入世贸组织预示着“中华民族更开放、更自由的未来”。

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