中国的城市化

北京——

用城市居民数量占人口百分比来衡量,目前中国的城市化率大约是48%(官方数据)。考虑到30年前城市居民只占总人口的18%,这着实已是了不起的进步。

进步虽大,但仍不能令人满意,因为在绝大多数与中国发达程度相似的国家,城市化速度要快于工业化。而中国则相反,工业化程度目前已达70%(用收入主要来自非农活动的劳动力占比衡量),远高于城市化程度。

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