Commuters wait in a traffic jam during afternoon rush hour in Jakarta BAY ISMOYO/AFP/Getty Images

怎样的交通政策最适合大都市?

坎布里奇—城市化有诸多优点。城市拉近了人们的物理距离,从而起到刺激创新、增加机会的作用。城市拉近了工人和工作岗位的距离,便利了艺术和文化的传播。但城市生活的优点常常也伴随着代价。

也许最令人不堪忍受的莫过于交通堵塞。交通堵塞还引起人们的“路怒”。水泄不通的道路和车河浪费了我们的时间,缩短了工作日。堵着不动的汽车仍然在排放巨量尾气,危害环境和人类健康。

许多政府试图设计政策,通过提高开车成本减轻交通拥堵。2003年以来,伦敦成功实行了拥堵费,而新加坡则希望用GPS技术来落实它的拥堵费定价策略

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