A visitor uses a tablet dispalyed past the model of a smart city Josep Lago/Getty Images

规划更好的城市

内罗毕和迪拜—美裔加拿大作者简·雅各布斯(Jane Jacobs)曾经观察道城市是国家繁荣和经济增长的引擎。但以现在的形式,现代城市也是不平等和环境破坏的催化剂。如今,城市居民贫困率在不断增加;33%生活在贫民窟;75%的全球二氧化碳排放源自都市区。这类数字应该让我们停下来思考:城市真的是组织人类生活的最佳方法吗?

它们可以是,但必须经过重大调整,改变它们的规划、建设和管理模式。要想通过城市驱动的增长赋予可持续的繁荣未来能量,政府和开发者必须重新引入以用户为中心的城镇化方针。

如今,大部分城市都没有将重要相关利益方纳入规划过程,导致了排斥性发展(exclusionary development)。以无处不在的城镇边缘住房项目为例,这是许多规划不善的城市的特征。这些建立在前不着村,后不着店地带的多单位住宅看上去十分扎眼,它们常常远离公共交通和其他服务,加剧了居民与城市中心的隔阂。

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