refugee aid Louisa Gouliamaki | Stringer via Getty Images

¿Metas insostenibles para el desarrollo?

OXFORD – Entre 2000 y 2015, los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM) enfocaron mentes y presupuestos en la pobreza mundial, impulsando significativamente las perspectivas para los habitantes de algunos de los países más pobres del mundo. El nuevo conjunto de metas mundiales, los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), procura aprovechar esos avances, no solo para erradicar la pobreza, sino también para atender varios desafíos adicionales, como ampliar el acceso a la educación y proteger el medioambiente, pero esta vez enfrentan importantes vientos en contra.

Eventos geopolíticos recientes, como la crisis de los refugiados de Oriente Medio, están complicando los presupuestos y las agendas de los gobiernos. Y los precios de las materias primas y las inversiones de las economías emergentes, factores que reforzaron los avances en pos de los ODM, están cayendo en picada. Sin innovación audaz, la nueva agenda para el desarrollo distará de ser sostenible.

Al momento, los presupuestos de asistencia de los mayores donantes están siendo reasignados subrepticiamente. En la mayoría de los países donantes la ayuda está siendo redirigida para contener el flujo de refugiados de Oriente Medio (especialmente de Siria). La crisis de los refugiados también ha modificado las prioridades internas. En Suecia, aproximadamente el 30 % del presupuesto de asistencia se está destinando ahora a cuidar a los refugiados inmigrantes; en Suiza, la asignación comparable es del 20 %.

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