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发自米兰——几年前,我写了一本名为《下一次大趋同》(The Next Convergence)的书,讲述发展中经济体如何在收入,财富,健康和其他人类福利方面“迎头赶上”发达国家的。我不仅关注这些国家如何实现快速增长——包括开放性全球经济所扮演的中心角色——而且还看到了这一融合过程所带来的机遇和挑战。


最近,哈佛大学心理学家史蒂文·平克(Steven Pinker)出版了一本,记录了各项福利的长期积极趋势,他称之为“启蒙的成果”。然而平克认为进展并非总是前进式的,有时候也会随着气候变化等新挑战的出现而遭遇重大挫折。但总的来说,至少在18世纪中叶以后福利一直不断改善,工业革命更是带来了福利收益的急剧增长。自第二次世界大战以来,占全球总人口85%的发展中国家人民也有所受益。

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