Alex Wong/Getty Images

Entender el Colegio Electoral de Estados Unidos

WASHINGTON, DC – Cualquiera que observe la carrera presidencial de Estados Unidos tiene que entender que las encuestas de opinión nacionales no ofrecen un panorama preciso de cómo puede resultar la elección. Gracias al Colegio Electoral de Estados Unidos, no es quién gana la mayor cantidad de votos a nivel nacional lo que importa al final de cuentas, sino quién gana en qué estados.

A cada estado se le asigna una determinada cantidad de votos en el Colegio Electoral, dependiendo del tamaño de su población. El candidato que traspasa el umbral de 270 votos electorales gana la presidencia.

En casi todos los estados, a un candidato que gana el 50,1% del voto popular se le asigna el 100% de sus votos electorales. (Sólo Maine y Nebraska no siguen la regla del que gana se lleva todo; dividen el voto del Colegio Electoral por distrito electoral). En consecuencia, los votos de millones de personas terminan no contando. Si usted es un republicano en Nueva York o California, que están dominados por los demócratas, o un demócrata en Wyoming o Mississippi, que normalmente son estados republicanos, olvídese de que su voto para presidente tenga alguna importancia.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Rt69Ucr/es;

Handpicked to read next

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now