Alex Wong/Getty Images

了解美国选举人团制度

华盛顿——关注美国总统大选的人都必须了解全国民意调查无法准确描述选举可能的结果。由于美国实行总统选举团制度,因此重要的不是谁能在全国赢得最多选票,而是谁能赢得哪个州。

总统选举人团赋予各州特定的选举人票,具体数量取决于该州的人口规模。越过270张选举人票门槛的候选人最终将赢得总统宝座。

几乎在所有州,赢得50.1%民众投票的总统候选人将会赢得该州100%的选举人票。(不遵循赢家通吃规则的只有缅因州和内部拉斯加州;上述两州会按照国会选区来划分选举人票。)结果导致数百万投票选民的票数最终对选举结果并不产生影响。如果你是生活在民主党占主导地位的纽约或加利福尼亚州的共和党支持者,或者是传统上一直是共和党大本营的怀俄明州或密西西州的民主比党支持者,让自己的投票发挥作用想都不用想。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Rt69Ucr/zh;

Handpicked to read next

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now