El año de la resistencia

NUEVA YORK – En este mes hace diez años, representantes de 168 Estados miembros de las Naciones Unidas se reunieron en Kobe, la capital de la prefectura de Hyogo en el Japón, para decidir cómo afrontar mejor el riesgo a raíz del devastador maremoto habido en el océano Índico, que se cobró más de 227.000 vidas. En cinco días, incluido el aniversario del terremoto de Kobe en 1995, formularon el Marco de Acción de Hyogo (MAH), compuesto de un gran número de medidas encaminadas a “reducir las pérdidas de vidas y activos sociales, económicos y medioambientales de comunidades y países”.

Dentro de dos meses, los Estados miembros de las NN.UU. se reunirán para celebrar la tercera Conferencia Mundial  para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres en otra ciudad japonesa sinónima de riesgo de desastre: Sendai, el centro de la región de Tōhoku, que fue la más afectada por el terremoto y el maremoto de 2011 que provocó la fusión nuclear en Fukushima. Todos los asistentes a la reunión se preguntarán: ¿ha alcanzado el mundo los ambiciosos objetivos del MAH?

Las pruebas de este decenio, que ha estado marcado por algunos de los peores desastres

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