Eiffel Tower in misty weather Massmo Relsig/Flickr

Paris n’est pas Copenhague

COPENHAGUE – En 2009, j’ai assisté en tant que parlementaire à la Conférence des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques de Copenhague. J’avais à l’époque le sentiment d’assister à un événement qui allait changer le monde. Les différents négociateurs avaient travaillé pendant des années autour d’un ambitieux accord contraignant visant à réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, et les yeux du monde se tournaient ainsi vers le Danemark. Malheureusement, crise financière mondiale et intérêts nationaux particuliers se sont conjugués jusqu’à faire dérailler un accord global.

Voici aujourd’hui que les négociateurs climatiques sont à nouveau réunis – cette fois-ci à Paris, sur fond d’un espoir d’accord tout aussi élevé. La différence réside toutefois en ce qu’il existe de bonnes chances d’aboutir cette fois à un accord solide. Je serai présent à Paris, en tant que ministre danois en charge des questions climatiques, et je suis persuadé que la conférence de cette année marquera au niveau mondial le commencement d’une prise au sérieux de la question de la maîtrise du réchauffement climatique.

Le contexte politique est aujourd’hui fort différent de celui observé il y a six ans. Au moment de la conférence de Copenhague, le monde était encore sous le choc d’un effondrement financier mondial évité de peu, un certain nombre d’éminents dirigeants politiques doutaient encore de la responsabilité des activités humaines dans la provocation des changements climatiques, et plusieurs groupes industriels faisaient encore campagne contre la mise en place de réductions contraignantes des émissions.

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