Shell Oil drilling platform Tom Doyle/Flickr

Pertunjukan di Paris mengenai Perubahan Iklim

OTTAWA – Konferensi Perubahan Iklim PBB diselenggarakan di Paris bulan Desember nanti akan menampilkan pertunjukan yang digubah secara ketat menyerupai blockbuster di Hollywood. Aktor-aktornya pun ternama: sejumlah presiden dan perdana menteri akan tampil di panggung utama, dibantu oleh ribuan pemain pendukung, termasuk demonstran, pasukan anti huru-hara, dan wartawan. Skenarionya masih dirahasiakan namun alur ceritanya sudah bocor: kali ini, berbeda dengan perundingan di Copenhagen tahun 2009 yang gagal, planet bumi akan menang.

Alur ceritanya terdengar menarik, namun tidak sepenuhnya menyatu. Seluruh dunia diberi pesan bahwa itikad baik dan hard bargaining akan terbayarkan. Beberapa negara sudah menyetujui penurunan emisi gas rumah kaca secara sukarela yang dapat mencegah pemanasan planet bumi melebihi 2° Celsius. Setelah itu, melalui kekuatan maha dahsyat (deus ex machine), akan terungkap bahwa perusahaan-perusahaan penghasil bahan bakar fosil terbesar dunia – disebut supermajors – sepakat untuk mewujudkan emisi nihil pada tahun 2100, dengan menangkap karbon di sumbernya, menyedot karbon di atmosfer, dan menyimpannya di bawah tanah. Planet bumi akan terselamatkan dan perekonomian akan berkembang bebas. Mainkan musiknya dan tampilkan credit title di akhir pertunjukan.

Masalahnya adalah naskah ini fiksi, bukan dokumenter. Teknologi yang diperlukan belum tersedia dan upaya mewujudkan emisi nihil pada dasarnya mustahil. Layaknya pertunjukan buatan Hollywood, pesan-pesan yang termuat dalam konferensi Paris sangat dipengaruhi oleh mereka yang memiliki banyak uang.

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