Taxi europe parking lot Jordi Espel/Flickr

Последнее такси в Европу

РИМ – Сопротивление Европы к аппликации Uber и ярко отличающийся теплый прием Америки для этой услуги поездок по обмену в очередной раз подчеркивает то, как европейские структуры регулирования, которые в принципе предназначены для защиты потребителей, в конечном итоге защищают укоренившихся поставщиков и препятствуют инновациям. Этот контраст также указывает нам на изменения, которые европейское правительство должно внести в свои правила, для того, чтобы поощрять предпринимателей и разрабатывать передовые отечественные бизнес модели, а не быть вынужденными принять нововведения только после того, как они стали передовой практикой за рубежом.

Протесты водителей такси против аппликации Uber являются частью давней традиции, где установленные поставщики негативно реагируют на новые технологии, которые могут лишить их работы. Но когда, скажем, Луддиты в начале девятнадцатого века протестовали против недавно разработанных текстильных машин и разбивали их, власти не вмешивались для ограничения новых технологий. В результате, Промышленная Революция привела к беспрецедентному росту уровня жизни во всем мире.

Но к тому времени, как супермаркеты начали появляться в розничном секторе во второй половине ХХ века, подход европейских правительств изменился. Многие страны приняли правила в начале 1970-х годов по защите существующих небольших магазинов против конкуренции. В результате, разработка более современных систем распределения была задержана. Через поколение эти ограничения были сняты в ответ на давление со стороны потребителей.

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