Dos Futuros Energeticos

Para el año 2100, el sistema mundial energético será radicalmente distinto al actual. Las fuentes renovables de energía, incluidas la solar, eólica,  hidroeléctrica y los biocombustibles, así como la energía nuclear,  constituirán una parte importante de la ecuación. La humanidad habrá encontrado mecanismos para manejar la contaminación ambiental y las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero. Nuevas tecnologías habrán reducido la cantidad de energía necesaria para el funcionamiento de edificios y vehículos.

Sin duda el futuro distante parece prometedor, pero mucho dependerá de cómo lleguemos a él. Para ello hay dos rutas o escenarios posibles. Llamemos al primero de ellos Scramble (Carrera): como en un rally por un desierto montañoso, habrá  emoción y una intensa competencia. Sin embargo, la consecuencia involuntaria  de una  carrera precipitada será una menor velocidad de los corredores, y muchos choques en el camino.

El escenario alternativo bien puede ser llamado Blueprints (Anteproyecto). Este escenario nos hace pensar en una carrera prudente, con arranques en falso que obligan a todos los corredores a regresar a la meta, y que se desarrolla en un camino en construcción. Llegar sanos y salvos a nuestro destino final depende de la disciplina de los conductores y del ingenio de todos los que estén implicados en el esfuerzo de construcción. La innovación tecnológica asegura que se mantenga la emoción.

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