Le capitalisme rhénan n'a pas dit son dernier mot

Il n'y a pas si longtemps, les Européens, notamment les Allemands, s'indignaient de l'existence de travailleurs pauvres aux USA et de l'état lamentable des services publics en Grande-Bretagne en tant que défauts inhérents au style de capitalisme brutal en vigueur dans les pays anglo-saxons. Leur préférence allait au capitalisme de type rhénan, une économie de marché qui met l'économie au service de la justice sociale.

Aussi, quand le chancelier Gerhard Schröder au début de son premier mandat a signé le manifeste Blair-Schröder - un accord avec le Premier ministre britannique Tony Blair sur une libéralisation économique - il s'est arrangé pour qu'il soit publié à Londres et qu'il ait le moins d'écho possible à Berlin. De la même manière, la "stratégie de Lisbonne" élaborée par l'UE au sujet de la libéralisation économique n'a jamais été prise réellement au sérieux par l'Allemagne, la France et la plupart des autres pays d'Europe continentale.

Comme les choses ont changé au cours des cinq dernières années ! Aujourd'hui, bien peu de gens - s'il en reste encore - font référence au modèle rhénan de capitalisme. L'économie allemande est à la traîne en Europe et presque tous les pays européens sont moins performants que la Grande-Bretagne ou les USA. Le taux de chômage est élevé et il augmente, les entreprises allemandes se délocalisent en Europe de l'Est ou en Asie, là où la main d'œuvre est bon marché. En Allemagne, c'est le début du "capitalisme à l'état pur". On ferme les entreprises rentables si les bénéfices tombent en dessous des normes internationales ; les revenus des dirigeants, y compris les primes en cas de démission ou de renvoi, atteignent des sommets.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/pFBRBPz/fr;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.