Si busca crecimiento, gire a la izquierda

NUEVA YORK – Tanto la izquierda como la derecha dicen defender el crecimiento económico. ¿Esto quiere decir que los votantes que intentan decidirse entre ambas no tendrían más que pensar que se trata de algo así como elegir equipos de gestión alternativos?

¡Ojalá las cosas fueran tan fáciles! Parte del problema tiene que ver con el papel que juega la suerte. La economía de Estados Unidos estuvo bendecida en los años 1990 con precios bajos de la energía, un ritmo alto de innovación y la oferta cada vez mayor por parte de China de productos de alta calidad a precios cada vez más bajos. Todo esto se combinó para producir una inflación baja y un crecimiento rápido.

El presidente Clinton y el entonces presidente de la Reserva Federal de Estados Unidos, Alan Greenspan, merecen escaso crédito por todo esto -aunque, sin duda, la implementación de malas políticas podría haber complicado las cosas-. En cambio, los problemas a los que nos enfrentamos hoy -precios elevados de la energía y de los alimentos y un sistema financiero en crisis- fueron generados, en gran medida, por malas políticas.

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