Трансформация Турции

Избрание Абдулы Гюла 11-ым президентом Турции знаменует собой начало нового этапа в истории страны.

В июле правящая Партия справедливости и развития (ПСР) – религиозно-консервативная, но вместе с тем экономически либеральная – одержала полную победу на парламентских выборах, проведенных после того, как армия отказалась подчиняться Гюлу, вступившему на пост президента. Эта победа, вместе с избранием Гюла подтверждает, что ПСР является реформистской партией и что турки, несмотря на рост ксенофобского национализма, хотят интегрироваться в Европейский союз.

Кандидатура Гюла в прошлом апреле принесла с собой угрозу переворота со стороны вооруженных сил, что ускорило проведение недавних выборов. Таким образом, избиратели также подтвердили, что больше не желают, чтобы вооруженные силы вмешивались во внутреннюю политику, отклонив предостережения генералов о том, что ПСР заведет страну в тьму теократического правления.

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