土耳其的世俗原教旨主义威胁

土耳其高等上诉法院的首席检察官不久前向该国宪法法院提出建议,要求永久性地取缔执政的正义与发展党(AKP)。而就在去年的7月,正义与发展党还以绝对的优势在一次自由而公正的选举中再次当选为政府的领袖。首席检察官还正式提出在5年的时间里取缔总理埃尔多安(Recip Erdogan)、总统阿卜杜拉·居尔(Abdullah Gul)和其他69名政界人物的从政权利。

取缔正义与发展党毫无疑问将引发一场政治危机,断送土耳其在可以预见的未来加入欧盟的努力,并对这个国家强劲的经济发展构成威胁。因此我们绝不应该轻视首席检察官所发出的警告——特别是考虑到现行宪法从1982年正式实施后,宪法法院已经取缔了18个政党(正义与发展党的前身也包括在内),这位首席检察官的警告就更应该引起人们的注意。事实上,取缔正义与发展党的最新呼吁与修改土耳其宪法的努力息息相关。

首席检察官控诉的潜台词是正义与发展党一直在破坏世俗主义。但目前宪法的起源,以及它对世俗主义的定义,都非常值得怀疑。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/9mEZ7Ne/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.