Margaret Scott

Курдский гамбит Эрдогана

СТАМБУЛ. Конфликт на Ближнем Востоке угрожает не только безопасности многих его государств, но также их дальнейшему существованию. Сирия, Ирак, Ливан и другие страны, охваченные сегодня сепаратистскими боями, рискуют быть фрагментированы на этнические мини-государства, трансформируя регион, чья политическая география оформилась почти век назад.

Исследовав региональную ситуацию, премьер-министр Турции Реджеп Тайип Эрдоган придумал амбициозный план по улучшению региональных позиций Турции и расширению своего личного политического доминирования в стране. Столкнувшись с окончанием возложенного на самого себя ограничения в три срока в должности премьер-министра, он намерен изменить конституцию Турции с целью ввести президентскую систему – которую возглавит он сам в качестве первого президента, обладающего значительно расширенными полномочиями.

Однако реализация плана Эрдогана зависит от прекращения 30-летнего конфликта Турции со своим собственным курдским населением. В результате правительство Эрдогана решило провести переговоры с Абдуллой Оджаланом, заключенным в тюрьму лидером Курдской партии рабочих (КПР) – вооруженным курдским движением сопротивления.

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