Дорога Турции в Европу через Ближний Восток

СТАМБУЛ. Всего несколько лет назад Европа стала приоритетом политики Турции. Вновь избранное правительство Реджепа Таййипа Эрдогана взялось за серию амбициозных реформ с целью добиться соответствия политическим критериям вступления в Европейский Союз. В конце 2004 г. ЕС принял решение о начале переговоров по вступлению в свой состав Турции.

Но проевропейская эйфория оказалась мимолётной: несмотря на все практические цели, переговоры о вступлении Турции в ЕС зашли сегодня в тупик. Евро-скептицизм в Турции находится сегодня на рекордно высоком уровне: он подогревается риторикой некоторых европейских политических лидеров, выступающих против вступления Турции, и неспособностью самого ЕС рассеять сомнения по поводу возможности вступления Турции в ближайшем будущем. В начале переговоров поддержка турками идеи вступления в ЕС составляла 70%, но сегодня эта цифра приближается к 40%.

Не удивительно, что правительство Турции также потеряло аппетит к реформам, связанным со вступлением в ЕС. В течение более чем двух лет Европейская Комиссия не сообщала почти ни о каких положительных улучшениях в своих ежегодных отчётах об успехах в сфере политических реформ.

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