土耳其从中东到欧洲之路

伊斯坦布尔-就在几年前,欧洲在土耳其议程上占了首要地位。雷杰普·塔伊普·埃尔多安的新当选政府那时就开始了一系列雄心勃勃的改革,以满足欧盟对其成员国的政治标准。截至2004年底,欧盟决定开始其入盟谈判。

但是,亲欧洲的兴奋期最后成为昙花一现:因为各种实际的目的,入盟谈判现在陷入了僵局。由于一些欧洲的政治领导人发出反对土耳其加入欧盟的言论,以及欧盟本身没有清除对土耳其最终入盟的可行性的疑虑,土耳其国内的欧洲怀疑论,在历史上从未像现在这样高涨。在谈判初期,国内对加入欧盟的支持率达70 %在,但现在已接近40 % 。

不足为奇的是,土耳其政府也失去了为加入欧盟而进行改革的兴趣。两年多来,欧盟委员会发现在针对土耳其的政治改革进度而撰写的年度报告中,已乏善可陈了。

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