Dean Rohrer

Turecká zahraniční politika frontových linií

JERUZALÉM – Několik měsíců předtím, než se stal ministrem zahraničí Turecka, se Ahmet Davutoglu, tehdejší hlavní poradce premiéra Recepa Tayyipa Erdogana, sešel se skupinou blízkovýchodních akademiků a politických expertů, včetně Arabů a Izraelců. Díky svému akademickému vzdělání a nesmírné erudici se mu podařilo na širokém plátně vykreslit nový směr turecké politiky pod vedením Strany spravedlnosti a rozvoje (AKP).

V té době už bylo jasné, že se cesta Turecka do Evropské unie poněkud nevybíravě uzavřela, a to zejména kvůli společnému tlaku Německa a Francie. Ti, kdo od Davutoglua očekávali islamistický kouř a síru, však byli hluboce zklamáni.

Davutoglu představil umírněné a propracované expozé, které bývá od politiků slyšet jen zřídkakdy: bylo promyšlené, poctivé a úchvatné. A také znamenalo jasný odklon od konvenční zahraničně-politické kazajky ušité Kemalem Atatürkem, která po celá desetiletí zaháněla tureckou diplomacii do Prokrustova lože integrálního nacionalismu ve stylu 20. let.

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