Istanbul MacPepper/Flickr

Aprovechemos la ocasión

MADRID – Las elecciones del pasado 7 de junio han demostrado que Turquía es una democracia. A pesar de que la campaña electoral no ha sido del todo transparente. Asimismo, la nueva distribución de los escaños de la asamblea da lugar a lecturas claras, tanto en el terreno doméstico como en el internacional.

En primer lugar, la sociedad turca ha comprendido la importancia de esta cita electoral, y ha acudido mayoritariamente a votar, llegando al 86% de participación. Esta cifra tan elevada rara vez se alcanza en los países europeos. Además, el Partido de la Democracia de los Pueblos (HDP), que por primera vez se presentaba como candidato y que ha integrado a los kurdos junto a otros grupos, ha conseguido superar la barrera electoral del 10%. Asimismo, ha logrado una gran representación en todo el país, no solo en las zonas de mayoría kurda. Por otro lado, el Partido Justicia y Desarrollo (AKP) se ha quedado lejos de la mayoría absoluta y, por tanto, de la cualificada que necesitaba para llevar a cabo la reforma constitucional. Por último, los resultados electorales han puesto en evidencia la gran pluralidad de Turquía. Además de los kurdos, los grupos minoritarios alevíes y cristianos han aumentado en gran medida su representación parlamentaria; y los yazidíes y gitanos estarán representados por primera vez.

Cabe esperar que esta nueva conformación de la asamblea tenga consecuencias notables en el desarrollo de la política exterior del país. En los últimos años, se ha demostrado que el deseo de tener “cero problemas con los vecinos” era inalcanzable. Por el contrario, Ankara ha jugado un papel confuso en la región. Sus actuaciones en Siria y en Egipto, entre otros, no han satisfecho ni a los países suníes de la región pero tampoco a Occidente.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/vsPkQKm/es;

Handpicked to read next

  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.