土耳其的ISIS危机

伊斯坦布尔—最近,46名被伊斯兰国劫持的土耳其人质安全返回,美国开始希望土耳其最终能够加入其所领导的对抗伊斯兰国(IS)的联盟。但土耳其为该联盟出力的意愿饱受其不幸的叙利亚政策以及总统埃尔多安政府和美国总统奥巴马政府在基本战略方面的分歧的掣肘。

自三年前叙利亚内战爆发以来,土耳其为所有叙利亚反对派都提供了物流和金融援助,同时还开放土耳其领土供他们在发动跨境军事行动后进行整顿。土耳其致力于叙利亚的政权更迭,对这些组织的野蛮做法、极端意识形态和巨大野心睁一只眼闭一只眼。现在的担忧是这一友善的视而不见导致伊斯兰国在土耳其生根并有能力在土耳其土地上开战恐怖活动——以此报复土耳其参加美国领导的联盟。

但土耳其对联盟反应冷淡还有其他原因。土耳其从根本上反对美国对伊斯兰国威胁——以及如何解决这一威胁——的看法。简言之,美国将伊斯兰国视为中东最紧迫的问题,而土耳其认为伊斯兰国只是更深层次病根的症候。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/uXmYKuP/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.