Turecko, Evropa a bezpečnost na Blízkém východě

K francouzským a nizozemským výhradám vůči navrhované ústavě EU přispělo mnoho faktorů. Jedním z nich – obvykle neuváděným – je strach z tureckého členství v unii. Směřování ke členství však již dnes tuto zemi proměnilo.

Ve snaze připravit se na vstup do EU uskutečnilo Turecko rozsáhlé a vážné právní, politické a hospodářské reformy. Turečtí úředníci, politici i občané se sjednotili v úsilí splnit kodaňská kritéria pro členství v EU a snášeli bolestné dopady restrukturalizačních programů, které jim nařídil MMF. Rýsující se přístupový proces bude ještě bolestnější, ale turecký lid je pevně odhodlán postavit se k tomuto úkolu čelem.

Transformace Turecka již skoncovala se státně-bezpečnostním aparátem z dob studené války, který v zemi vládl po půl století, a změnila rámec domácí i zahraniční politiky země. Díky modernizaci a demokratizaci doma získali turečtí politici důvěru ve svou schopnost vést úspěšnou regionální politiku. V důsledku toho jsou dnes vedoucí představitelé Turecka ochotni vyvíjet aktivní diplomatické úsilí na Blízkém východě ve snaze minimalizovat problémy se sousedními zeměmi.

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