Chavez and Trump Anadolu Agency/ Getty Images

Cuando los líderes son fieles a sus mentiras

HANOI – ¿Qué tienen en común la crisis de pagos en Venezuela y el fin del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte anunciado por Wilbur Ross, el próximo Secretario de Comercio de Estados Unidos escogido por el presidente electo Donald Trump? Estos dos eventos aparentemente tan dispares están ligados por la extraña relación con la verdad que parecen compartir tanto Trump como el régimen chavista.

Todos los gobiernos mienten. Unos pocos creen sus propias mentiras. Pero las cosas se ponen peligrosas cuando actúan con el objeto de atenerse plenamente a sus mentiras. Esta es la trampa en que ha caído el gobierno del presidente venezolano Nicolás Maduro, y parece ser la lógica en que se funda la decisión articulada por Ross de abandonar el NAFTA.

Muchos observadores han notado similitudes entre Trump y el fallecido Hugo Chávez, predecesor de Maduro, aunque representan polos opuestos del espectro político. Sin embargo, nuestros cerebros están diseñados para identificar patrones. Los niños pequeños aprenden el concepto de gato después de ver tan solo unos pocos ejemplares. Incluso los adultos clasifican las cosas en base a conceptos que realmente no pueden definir. En 1964, el juez de la Corte Suprema de Estados Unidos Potter Stewart expuso su ahora famoso criterio para decidir sobre la obscenidad: "La reconozco cuando la veo".

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