NYC cargo ship Roberto Machado Noa/Getty Images

Trumpův daňový plán a dolar

CAMBRIDGE – Donald Trump je zvolen prezidentem Spojených států a republikáni ovládají obě komory Kongresu, a tak do Ameriky přichází reforma zdanění právnických osob. Aktuálně diskutovaný balíček má dva důležité rysy: snížení sazby daně, ze současných 35 % na 20 %, či dokonce 15 %, a „přeshraničně korekční“ daň, která je typická pro režim daně z přidané hodnoty (DPH), ale u daní právnických osob je neobvyklá.

Přeshraničně korekční daň by přistupovala odlišně ke vstupům nakupovaným v tuzemsku a dovezeným ze zahraničí a povzbuzovala by vývoz. Korporace by si už nemohly odečítat náklady na pořízení importovaných vstupů od zdanitelného příjmu; zároveň by se jim ale nedanily výnosy z exportního odbytu.

Návrh vyvolal prudkou debatu, zda zlepší obchodní bilanci USA. Jako autoři, kteří uveřejnili vlastní práci o „fiskálních devalvacích,“ jsme přesvědčeni, že přeshraničně korekční daň by měla minimální vyhlídky na úspěch a že by mohla významně podkopat postavení Ameriky v oblasti čistých zahraničních aktiv.

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