An employee works in front of the blast furnace past rolls of sheet steel at a mill of German steel producer Salzgitter AG Alexander Koerner/Getty Images

欧洲应对特朗普的钢铁关税作何对策

布鲁塞尔——美国总统唐纳德·特朗普政府最后一刻作出对加拿大、欧盟和墨西哥暂缓30天征收钢铁(及铝)关税的决策显然使美国有机会与贸易伙伴谈判达成长期合作。这种合作应当是什么样子的?

特郎普并非代表钢铁业引入保护主义举措的首位美国总统。2002年,美国总统乔治·W·布什引入了一系列进口限制,包括对某些钢铁产品征收30%的总体关税。但即便如此,当时仍有超过70%的钢铁进口被豁免任何保护主义举措。相比之下,特朗普提出的措施将影响整个钢铁行业。

这其中的差异反映了美国贸易立场的根本性变化。布什政府总体上支持开放贸易;它采取保护措施主要是受迫于国内的钢铁游说势力,当时钢铁业所产生的亏损数额巨大。尽管如此,人们当时仍然就遵守游戏规则达成了默契——具体而言就是遵守世贸组织规则——而美国最终也做到了。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To read this article from our archive, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles from our archive every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/G9R6z0B/zh;

Handpicked to read next

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.