Vaccinations children development aid Farooq Naeem/AFP/Getty Images

Kebenaran Mengenai Dana Bantuan Pembangunan

SEATTLE – Presiden Amerika Donald Trump baru-baru ini mengeluarkan cetak biru usulan anggaran tahun 2018 yang secara signifikan mengurangi dana bantuan asing Amerika, hal ini kemudian mendorong adanya diskusi mengenai peran dana tersebut dalam meningkatkan kesehatan dan kemakmuran kelompok orang yang paling rentan di dunia. Diskusi mengenai topik ini adalah hal yang penting karena upaya untuk mengurangi permasalahan ketidakadilan terbesar di dunia sangat membutuhkan dana bantuan pembangunan – meskipun hal ini tidak dipahami secara luas.    

Dalam 25 tahun terakhir, program dana bantuan asing telah membuka jalan bagi era kemajuan yang belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya di negara-negara berkembang. Angka kematian anak dan kemiskinan ekstrim telah berhasil dikurangi setengahnya. Kemitraan multilateral yang inovatif seperti Global Fund dan Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance – dimana Amerika merupakan donor terbesar organisasi ini – telah menyelamatkan jutaan jiwa dengan cara mengurangi penyakit menular seperti malaria, HIV, dan tuberkulosis. Yayasan Bill & Melinda Gates bangga berkolaborasi dengan inisiatif-inisiatif tersebut dalam upaya untuk mengurangi biaya vaksinasi dan intervensi lainnya, sehingga meningkatkan memberikan dampak baik yang terukur terhadap kesehatan global.   

Pengalaman menunjukkan bahwa program kesehatan dan pembangunan akan memberikan dividen ekonomi. Misalnya untuk setiap dollar yang diinvestasikan untuk imunisasi anak, negara berkembang mendapatkan manfaat ekonomi sebesar $44. 

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