Vaccinations children development aid Farooq Naeem/AFP/Getty Images

Pravda o rozvojové pomoci

SEATTLE – Před nedávnem zveřejněný rozpočtový plán na rok 2018 amerického prezidenta Donalda Trumpa navrhuje hluboké škrty v americké zahraniční pomoci a pobízí k diskuzi o roli těchto investic ve zlepšování zdraví a blahobytu těch nejzranitelnějších lidí světa. Tato diskuze je důležitá, protože když dojde na řešení mnoha ze světově největších nerovností, je pomoc důležitá stejně jako dřív – a možná i více – a to z důvodů, které nejsou zcela jasné.

V posledních dvaceti pěti letech pomohly programy zahraniční pomoci navodit dobu bezprecedentního pokroku v rozvojovém světě. Dětská úmrtnost a extrémní chudoba klesly na polovinu. Inovativní a multilaterální partnerství, jako je Global Fund a Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance – kde jsou Spojené státy největším donorem – zachránila miliony životů, protože snížila zátěž plynoucí z infekčních chorob jako je malárie, HIV a tuberkulóza. Nadace Billa & Melindy Gatesových hrdě s těmito iniciativami spolupracuje na snížení nákladů na vakcinaci a dalších intervencí, čímž zvyšuje měřitelný dopad těchto iniciativ na globální zdraví.

Zkušenost ukazuje, že zdravotní a rozvojové programy přináší enormní ekonomické dividendy. Například každý dolar investovaný do dětské imunizace vynese rozvojové zemi 44 dolarů na ekonomických benefitech.

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