Pennsylvania middle class for Trump Mark Makela/Stringer

Дональд Трамп и чувство силы

НЬЮ-ХЕЙВЕН – Частью предвыборной программы будущего президента США Дональд Трамп было предложение резко сократить налоги для людей с высокими доходами, то есть представителей социальной группы, чьи члены обычно имеют ещё и элитное образование. Тем не менее, наиболее активную поддержку Трамп обычно оказывали те, у кого доходы либо средние, либо стагнирующие, а уровень образования низок. Почему так?

Победа Трампа была явно вызвана чувством экономического бессилия (или страхом потерять былую силу), охватившим его сторонников. Для них его простой лозунг «Сделать Америку снова великой» звучит как «Сделать ВАС снова великими»: экономическая сила достанется массам, при этом у тех, кто уже успешен, ничего не заберут.

Те, кто находится на проигравшей стороне возрастающего экономического неравенства, обычно не хотят, чтобы государство принимало меры, которые выглядят как подачка. Как правило, они не хотят, чтобы правительство делало налоговую систему более прогрессивной, вводя суровые налоги на богатых ради того, чтобы отдать им их деньги. Перераспределение доходов выглядит унизительно. Оно выглядит как клеймо неудачника. Создаёт ощущение нестабильности. Вызывает ощущение ловушки, как будто вы попадаете в отношения зависимости, которые могут в любой момент прекратиться.

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