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总统会干些什么?

首尔—特朗普上台时承诺要全盘改革美国的经济政策。和此前诸任美国总统一样,他很快就发现,美国的政治制度就是为了防止大规模的迅速变化而设计的,方法就是引入巨大的制度障碍,国会、公务员、州政府、法院都属此列。

从个人所得税改革开始说起。这应该易如反掌,因为总统和国会共和党领袖站在同一条战壕里。特朗普要将政府的“咸猪手”赶出美国人的钱包,将一般所得税最高边际税率从39.5%降低到33%,这与共和党主流意识形态——高税率在惩罚成功、遏制创新——完全一致。

但是,要具备政治可行性,为富人大幅减税的政策必须辅之以为中产阶级减税,至少要装装样子。而全面减税将令预算不堪重负,刺激国会中仍有不少人的赤字鹰派。

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