elections in bulgaria Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Lo que significa la victoria de Trump para Europa del este

VARSOVIA – El imperio del liberalismo económico en Occidente está conduciendo a la desaparición del liberalismo político. Una creciente cantidad de países clave no están experimentando elecciones sino plebiscitos sobre la democracia liberal -plebiscitos decididos por los votos de quienes han salido perdiendo con la democracia liberal-. En Estados Unidos, la elección de Donald Trump como presidente es un castigo a un establishment que desoyó las demandas de las protestas del movimiento Occupy Wall Street en 2011.

El próximo desafío del establishment será resistir en Italia, donde un referendo constitucional el 4 de diciembre podría decidir el destino del primer ministro italiano, Matteo Renzi. Esa votación será un preludio de la elección presidencial de Francia en la primavera, donde una victoria a favor de Marine Le Pen, del Frente Nacional de extrema derecha, casi con certeza traería aparejado el colapso de la Unión Europea, si no de todo el Occidente geopolítico.

Más allá de cómo resulten esas votaciones, el Brexit y Trump demuestran que la democracia liberal ha dejado de ser el canon de la política occidental. Y esto tiene implicancias de amplio alcance. ¿Cómo pueden los "estados pendulares" como Polonia alcanzar una democracia liberal ahora que el punto de referencia occidental ha desaparecido? Europa del este nunca ha salido beneficiada cuando las condiciones políticas en Occidente se han deteriorado.

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