wind turbines green energy George Rose/Getty Images

Почему бизнес больше заинтересован в экологии чем Трамп

ЛОНДОН – Отношения между бизнесом, политикой и окружающей средой становятся все более сложными. Поскольку администрация Президента США Дональда Трампа угрожает отменить жизненно важные меры по защите окружающей среды, некоторые из которых существуют на протяжении десятилетий, бизнес-лидеры все чаще признают – продолжая действовать – необходимость экологически устойчивых политик.

Трамп, который когда-то назвал изменение климата Китайской мистификацией, призванной ослабить экономику США, уже отменил Stream Protection Rule, которое запрещает производителям угля сбрасывать отходы в водные пути. Следующим на кону может стать План Чистой Энергии (Clean Power Plan), который ограничивает выбросы парниковых газов от электростанций – являющихся самым крупным источником выбросов CO2 в стране – с целью сократить выбросы углерода исходящие от энергетического сектора к 2030 году до 32% ниже уровня 2005 года. Администрация Трампа даже пригрозила выйти из Парижского соглашения по климату, обязательства по которому взяли на себя мировые правительства в 2015 году.

Еще десять лет назад, бизнес лидеры широко приветствовали бы такую регрессивную экологическую политику, которая может снизить затраты и расширить возможности за счет уменьшения ограничений на поведение их компаний. Но сегодня, даже когда рынки реагируют повышением на “благоприятные для бизнеса” обещания Трампа – не только дерегулирование и снижение налогов, но также инфраструктурный план в триллион долларов, который включал бы возрождение угля – бизнес лидеры воспринимают с осторожностью.

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