Supreme Court Zach GIbson/Getty Images

Трамп без сдержек?

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Каким образом выборы 2016 года в Соединенных Штатах – которые дали Республиканской партии контроль над президентством, сенатом и палатой представителей – повлияли на столь хваленную систему сдержек и противовесов, изложенную в конституции страны? На мой взгляд, они практически их уничтожили.

Безусловно, сдержки и противовесы, порожденные судебной системой, в опасности. Всего лишь небольшая часть постоянных демократических флибустьеров позволит республиканцам заполнить вакансии в Верховном суде, которые они не дали заполнить Демократическому Президенту Бараку Обаме. А стареющий Верховный суд, в ближайшее время может иметь больше свободных мест, эти места в настоящее время заняты либеральными и центристскими судьями. Следовательно, у республиканцев есть хороший шанс для создания консервативного большинства в составе девяти членов Верховного суда, которое может длиться десятилетиями, особенно если они снова одержат победу на президентских выборах в 2020 году.

Это большинство может подорвать демократические сдержки, такие как ограничения финансирования кампаний, которым сокрушительный удар нанесло решение Citizens United 2010 года. Большинством голосов 5-4, Суд постановил, что корпорации являются “ассоциацией лиц” и, таким образом, какие-либо ограничения на количество денег, которые Корпорации могли бы потратить на политические кампании, нарушили их Первую Поправку права на свободу выражения мнения.

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