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特朗普如何重建美国

伯克利—如今,美国党派极化堪称历史之最,但至少在一个政策目标上,存在广泛的共识,不仅共和党和民主党之间是如此,企业和劳工领袖之间、州和市之间、普通公民之间都是如此。这个政策目标就是基础设施。

美国基础设施短缺的情况已经维持了多年。历史上,联邦、州和地方政府用于非防务基础设施资产的投资总量大约为GDP的2.5%。但在过去35年中,联邦投资占GDP之比下降了一大半。

长期以来,州和地方政府能够弥补缺口,它们对基础设施的贡献已提高到支出总量的四分之三。结果,截至今年二季度,总公共基础设施支出下降到了GDP的1.4%左右,为有记录以来的最低水平。

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