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特朗普、社团主义和创新之死

芝加哥—许多人认为,美国正在经历一场从世界主义转向民族主义、从左倾城市“精英”转向右倾农村“民粹”的转变。主流经济思想也在转变,从再分配的、有管制的社团主义转向类似于旧的干预主义的社团主义的思想。

这两个转变的背后是不满的选民。几十年来,美国人相信,科学进步以及随后硅谷的崛起让他们坐上了经济增长的魔毯。事实上,全要素生产率增长自20世纪70年代以来便已经十分缓慢。1996—2004年互联网繁荣只是这一趋势的暂时偏离。

假以时日,随着企业因为回报递减而削减投资,劳动生产率和时薪增长逐渐放缓,许多家庭中的工人遭遇失业。

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