Trump Paris Agreement Win McNamee/Getty Images

特朗普与气候变化的真相

发自布鲁塞尔——在唐纳德·特朗普总统的领导下,美国继6月1日退出巴黎气候协议之后又在成为流氓国家的道路上迈出一步。多年来特朗普一直沉迷于一个怪异的阴谋论,正如他在2012年所描述的那样:“全球变暖就是一个中国人创造出来好让美国制造业丧失竞争力的概念”。但这不是特朗普推动美国退出巴黎协议的原因,而是他声称这个协议本身就对美国不利,而且明显不公平。

正如情人眼里出西施,公平与否其实也取决于人们各自的视角,但问题是很难找到证据去支持特朗普的主张。相反,巴黎协议对美国来说是非常有利的,而继续对别国人施加不公平负担的国家也正是美国。

历史上,美国对大气中温室气体浓度的不断提升施加了超出正常比例的影响。该国目前仍是各个国家中人均二氧化碳排放量最多的国家——2013年(世界银行公布完整数据的最近一年)的排放量分别超过中国和欧洲的2倍和2.5倍以上。得益于较高的收入水平,美国在适应气候变化挑战方面处于比印度和中国这类低收入国家更好的地位,更别提那些低收入的非洲国家了。

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