Income disparity US Mario Tama/Getty Images

¿Qué necesita la economía estadounidense que Trump haga?

NUEVA YORK – La impresionante victoria de Donald Trump en las elecciones presidenciales de Estados Unidos hizo que una cosa quede abundantemente clara: demasiados estadounidenses – especialmente hombres estadounidenses blancos – sienten que se quedaron atrás. No es sólo un sentimiento; muchos estadounidenses realmente se quedaron relegados. Esto puede verse en los datos tan claramente como se hace patente en su ira. Y, tal como he sostenido repetidamente, un sistema económico que no “cumple” con gran parte de la población es un sistema económico fallido. Entonces, ¿qué debe hacer el presidente electo Trump al respecto?

Durante las tres últimas décadas, las reglas del sistema económico de Estados Unidos han sido reescritas de manera que están sólo al servicio de unos pocos que se encuentran en la parte superior, perjudicando a la economía en su conjunto, y especialmente al 80% en la parte inferior. La ironía de la victoria de Trump es que fue el Partido Republicano, al que ahora Trump lidera, el que impulsó la globalización extrema y arremetió contra los marcos políticos que hubieran mitigado el trauma asociado a la misma. Sin embargo, la historia sí tiene importancia: China e India están ahora integradas en la economía mundial. Además, la tecnología ha avanzado tan rápido que el número de empleos en manufactura, a nivel mundial, está disminuyendo.

La inferencia es que no hay manera de que Trump pueda traer a Estados Unidos un número significativo de puestos de trabajos  bien pagados en el ámbito de manufactura. Puede traer de vuelta la manufactura, a través de manufactura avanzada, pero habrá pocos puesto de trabajo. Y, también puede hacer que los puestos de trabajo retornen, pero serán puestos de trabajo con bajos salarios, no los puestos bien remunerados de los años cincuenta.

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