Трансформация научного образования

ЧИКАГО. В большинстве стран Запада ухудшение стандартов научного образования ставит под угрозу будущее процветание. Начиная с середины XIX века влиятельность и экономический рост Запада зависели от его технических новшеств и научной смелости. Однако сегодня Запад столкнулся с серьёзной конкуренцией со стороны быстро развивающихся стран Азии, в которых математическое и научное образование находится на подъёме.

Вообще, конкуренция в сфере науки и технологий – это благо: чем более развита страна, тем лучшим покупателем она является. А сотрудничество и обмен кадрами способствуют прибыльности бизнеса и повышению уровня жизни. Однако необходимо понимать, что ухудшение образовательных стандартов, в конце концов, ударит по экономике.

У Запада, в особенности у Соединённых Штатов, в прошлом уже случался подобный «момент осознания», когда в 1957 г. СССР запустил спутник. Так называемый «спутниковый шок» убедил Америку и Запад в необходимости радикального реформирования научного образования, в особенности того, что касается найма, подготовки и удержания преподавателей.

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