Container ship Charles Maung/Flickr

贸易好心变坏事

华盛顿—美国的贸易争论发生了不幸的转折。总统奥巴马政府不去详细讨论贸易的利弊问题,而是选择强调贸易谈判中的“快车道”程序(fast-track procedures,也被称为促进贸易权限,简称TPA)。奥巴马政府也许能赢得争论,但可能因此造成真正的伤害。

目前的斗争集中在跨太平洋合作伙伴关系( Trans-Pacific Partnership,TPP)的具体内容上。TPP是一个包含了12个国家的复杂的贸易协定。不幸的是,TPP条款仍处于保密状态——这意味着公众无法窥探和讨论它们。(国会议员可以在严格的条件下阅读技术文档,但禁止详细描述其内容。)

任何对TPP协议的任何方面产生合理担忧的人立刻被扣以“保护主义者”的帽子。白宫的口风是:TPP将降低美国的出口壁垒,从而增加就业和工资。根据这一观点,其他任何东西都是无用功。

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