Big city skyline

Фарс транстихоокеанской свободной торговли

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Представители и министры Соединённых Штатов и 11 стран тихоокеанского региона встречаются на переговорах в Атланте для согласования последних деталей нового, масштабного соглашения о Транстихоокеанском партнерстве (TPP), поэтому вполне оправдана необходимость его трезвого анализа. Крупнейшее в истории региональное соглашение о торговле и инвестициях далеко не является тем, чем кажется на первый взгляд.

Вы услышите много разговоров о важности TPP для «свободной торговли». В реальности же это соглашение об установлении контроля над торговыми и инвестиционными связями стран-участниц партнёрства. Это делается от имени самых влиятельных деловых лобби каждой из стран. Не стоит заблуждаться: если посмотреть на наиболее сложные вопросы, по поводу которых ещё ведутся споры, станет ясно, что ТРР – это соглашение совсем не о «свободной» торговле.

Новая Зеландия грозится выйти из соглашения, так как недовольна тем, как Канада и США контролируют торговлю молочными продуктами. Австралии не нравится то, как США и Мексика регулируют торговлю сахаром. А США недовольны тем, как Япония регулирует торговлю рисом. В своих странах компании этих отраслей опираются на значительную политическую поддержку. И это лишь вершина айсберга, позволяющая понять, как именно TPP будет способствовать мерам, которые на самом деле направлены против свободной торговли.

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