TTP缺失的成分

华盛顿—为了刺激经济增长、创造就业岗位,美国总统奥巴马政府正在寻求推进被称为跨太平洋合作伙伴关系(Trans-Pacific Partnership ,TPP)的巨型自由贸易区。但美国的算盘合理吗?

TPP的初始范围相对较小,包括了美国和一系列贸易伙伴国(澳大利亚、文莱、加拿大、智利、马来西亚、墨西哥、新西兰、秘鲁、新加坡和越南)。但如今日本也加入进来,韩国正在密切关注,而在可以预见的未来,中国也有可能加入TPP或类似的框架。

对于旨在降低贸易壁垒——同时保护劳动和环境标准——的贸易协定,通常的促成办法是减少而非增加对谈判桌另一面的要求。但在现阶段,TPP并非如此:如果美国加上参与国不能从事货币操纵的附加要求,TPP的成功机会将大很多。

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