Франция на пути к Шестой республике?

Париж – через 50 лет после создания генералом Шарлем де Голлем Пятой республики Николя Саркози хочет изменить основные институты Франции. Экспертный совет направит ему свои предложения к 1-ому ноября.

В то время как британская демократия имеет глубокие корни, несмотря на свою «неписаную» конституцию, а в конституцию США с 1787 года было внесено всего 26 поправок, конституция Франции была переписана 15 раз с 1789 года. Только Третья республика (1875-1940гг.) просуществовала дольше, чем нынешняя Пятая республика.

Поспешно созданные Шарлем де Голлем в 1958 году в разгар алжирского кризиса институты Пятой республики подверглись критике с первого же дня своего существования. Антагонизм со стороны левых по отношению к Пятой республике, подогнанной под «крупную» фигуру де Голля, ослаб только в 1981 году, когда Франсуа Миттеран – один из наиболее известных оппонентов де Голля – извлек пользу из власти, которой наделен президент Франции.

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