Prakash Singh/AFP/Getty Images

La revolución del retrete

COPENHAGUE – Los políticos y filántropos suelen hablar de ideas abstractas y elevadas, como la sostenibilidad y la transformación a través del diálogo. Así que debemos aplaudir a Bill Gates y al primer ministro indio Narendra Modi por ocuparse de un tema mucho más mundano, pero fundamental: los retretes.

La Fundación Bill & Melinda Gates desea transformar la propia tecnología de los retretes para que no dependan de grandes infraestructuras, como sistemas cloacales y plantas de tratamiento de agua. En 2011, la Fundación Gates lanzó su Desafío para la reinvención del retrete, que otorga subsidios a investigadores que "estén usando enfoques innovadores —basados en procesos de ingeniería fundamentales— para la gestión segura y sostenible de los excrementos humanos". Se espera que los baños del siglo XXI conviertan los excrementos humanos en energía, fertilizantes e incluso agua potable.

Por su parte, Modi ha declarado que es más importante construir baños que templos y lanzó una campaña para poner fin a la defecación al aire libre en la India para 2019, que coincida con el 150.° aniversario del nacimiento del líder de la independencia de la India, Mahatma Gandhi. Para lograrlo, el gobierno de Modi está construyendo rápidamente instalaciones sanitarias básicas e instalando millones de retretes en todo el país, que incluyen al menos uno en cada escuela.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/bkVSsYj/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now