Время повернуться на юг для Америки

Что бы Джон Керри ни предпринял в отношении Латинской Америки в случае его избрания в ноябре президентом Соединенных Штатов, эти выборы могли бы вызвать значительные изменения в отношениях между США и Латинской Америкой, даже, или, скорее, главным образом, если будет переизбран Джордж Буш. Керри никогда не проявлял особого интереса к региону, в то время как Буш перестал уделять ему внимание после террористических актов 11-го сентября 2001 года. Но низкая вероятность изменений не делает их менее необходимыми.

Существует двойная необходимость изменения политики Америки по отношению к остальным странам Западного полушария. Во-первых, никогда за последнее время антиамериканские настроения не проявлялись так сильно и глубоко в Латинской Америке. Один опрос общественного мнения за другим показывает, что жители Латинской Америки сегодня настроены более негативно по отношению к США, чем когда-либо с начала 1960-х годов. В отличие от того времени враждебность населения стран Латинской Америки к США не вызвана действиями США в регионе. Однако сегодняшний антиамериканизм все же сильно усложняет жизнь демократическим лидерам стран Западного полушария и самой Америке.

Во-вторых, что более важно, накаляются страсти вокруг основных вопросов, вызывающих разногласия между США и странами Латинской Америки. Они не исчезнут сами по себе, в то время как неспособность решить их только ухудшит ситуацию.

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